Proverbs By Efua makes work clothes for a cause – ending Human Trafficking.
We aim to be the affordable, high quality, work wear choice for professionals who want to enhance their level of confidence, charisma and goodwill.
One thing we’ve come across is the confusion between human trafficking and smuggling. This is important because, especially when it comes to human trafficking, people tend to not see “why we’re making such a big deal about it.” Many times, this stems from a confusion between smuggling and trafficking. Though they are both serious crimes and they sound very similar in general meaning, there is a difference.
|Human Trafficking||Human Smuggling|
|Defined as the trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs (UNODC)||Defined as a crime involving the procurement for financial or other material benefit of illegal entry of a person into a State of which that person is not a national or resident (UNODC).|
|The crime is against a human and solely for their exploitation||The crime is against a sovereign state but not primarily for the purpose of human exploitation|
|For the purpose of profit obtained because of human exploitation||For the purpose of profit obtained because of the illegal border crossing|
|Those being trafficked are controlled by their traffickers even after borders have been crossed||Once the border has been crossed and all dues have been paid, individuals are free to fend for themselves|
|Executed without the victim’s consent or if their consent is given, it’s usually under coercion and/or falsifications||Usually with individual’s consent.|
It may be fair to say that a person who is engaged in human trafficking could also guilty of human smuggling, if borders are crossed, but a person engaged in human smuggling, may not be guilty of human trafficking.
Sources: www.anti-trafficking.net, polarisproject.org, UNODC